What Changes Will IoT Bring?

IoT Connected Devices
IoT Connected Devices

Enhance a machine’s smartness to minimize the human effort, why not? The idea of interconnecting devices so that devices can send information to one another, analyze the information, and then use it to make a just and informed decision. When done correctly, we obtain what is now called ‘smart devices’ or simply IoT connected devices. There are some real-world applications when it comes to the internet of things devices, and what it could mean for mankind down the line. Let us take a look at the avenues that it has opened up:

Connected Cars

Automotive digital technology is aimed at optimizing vehicle functions and it is starting to gain attention when it comes to enhancing the in-car experience. By a connected car we mean, a car that can easily be optimized. It ranges from its maintenance, comfort, and its operations – all of which can be altered using on-board sensors with considerable help from internet connectivity. There are many major automotive players and some others such as BMW, Volkswagen, Mercedes, Google, and Apple, who are making headway in this particular line of technology. Needless to say, a revolutionary change must be expected in the coming years.

Industrial Internet Of Things (IIoT)

It involves the empowerment of industrial engineering with the help of big data analysis, software, and sensors, all of which together make a brilliant machine. The simple logic that goes behind such machines is that they are accurate and more consistent than us humans when it comes to communicating through data. This data can also be beneficial to tweak problems and help make processes streamlined. This streamlining can be very helpful in construction, especially when Building Information Modeling is concerned.

There is plenty of potentials that IIoT holds when it comes to controlling and ensuring sustainability. The greatest of all is that the data is made available on a real-time basis. This helps clear so many lapses among retailers and suppliers. The automated delivery is increased, which in turn increases the supply chain efficiency. This supply chain efficiency can help reduce waste and increase profitability in construction projects.

Smart Retail

The retail sector also has plenty to gain from IoT, such as the increase in the in-store customer experience. Smartphones and other mobile devices will be a channel for customers and retailers to stay connected. It can make it simple for the customer by tracking its path through the store and improve the store’s layout and allow placing premium products at points of higher traffic. Customers will also know when a certain product is available at a later time so that they can order them and request delivery to their place of choice.

Security Challenges Of IoT Applications And Their Solutions

IoT Security Challenges
IoT Security Challenges

The scope of IoT is now being utilized by a large number of businesses for automating their processes. It is also widely used in many other fields including education, healthcare, and even in the agricultural sector. This new technology has introduced a large number of possibilities, however, it also comes with some challenges too. Therefore, through this article, we introduce some important IoT security challenges and their solutions.

IoT Security Challenges

IoT creates an interconnected network of different devices and systems including computing devices and other digital and mechanical machines. Most IoT systems have sensors that are used for collecting, transmitting, and receiving data. In addition to this, IoT applications will use software and Wi-Fi network to send and receive data via the internet. Therefore, most of the components used in IoT systems are vulnerable to security attacks.

Different components used in IoT systems can create a medium for the attacker to introduce malware or other malicious programs that can be used for compromising the security of the system. Therefore, your IoT systems are vulnerable to security threats. The following are some of the common IoT security challenges that can compromise the security of your systems.

Scan And Take Over

It needs to ensure high security for your IoT systems and applications. If the authorization and authentication processes used here are weak, then the attacker can easily take over your system. Also, if you are using poor encryptions and poor password protection because of the lack of enough hardware resources to execute complex programs, it will be easy for an attacker to enter the system, control, and finally take over it.

Distributed Denial Of Service (DDoS)

When the request traffic sent to an IoT system is very huge, it won’t be able to handle it. In this case, the target host will go down and the system will become unresponsive. If the system is connected to the internet, it will be possible for the hacker to send a huge number of requests from multiple sources to bring the system down.

Spam Attack

If the IP is connected to the internet, then other IP addresses will be able to easily send malware attacks to the IoT system if it has no security.

Interception Of Messages Using Spyware

As a large number of IoT systems usually have low resources, then it might not be possible for them to enable encrypted communication using security mechanisms such as TLS. This will compromise the system, as spyware will be able to read the data sent over the network layer, and it will be also possible for such malicious programs to manipulate the data as per their requirements.

Vulnerable 3pp Libraries

If the 3pps that have been attacked previously enter the system via system updates, then they can highly compromise the security of the system. Therefore, it is important to make sure that you use secure 3pps for your IoT applications.

Injection Attacks

Different web applications including IoT are susceptible to such attacks. Here, a request will be added to the existing one that can compromise the security of the system. XML and SQL are some forms of injection attacks.

IoT Security Solutions

IoT systems are vulnerable to a large number of security threats. Therefore, it is important for you to ensure their safety for protecting your data. There are certain measures you can adopt to ensure the security of your systems, some of them are mentioned below:

Regularly Update The System

Update the IoT applications regularly so that it will help you to make sure that the system protection is up-to-date. It is important to protect the data in all areas including confidentiality, integrity, and availability. This should be ensured across different surfaces including device, application, network, and sensor tier. In addition to this, if the devices are also connected to the cloud, then the communication has to be secured.

Secured Communication

The communication between the systems must be secured using TLS or other similar protocols for ensuring that the security of the systems is not compromised.

Authentication And Authorization

Password protection is important for IoT systems and they should be highly secured for avoiding the systems becoming vulnerable to brute force attacks.

Monitor And Detect

Run constant scans over the applications for detecting the presence of different threats. Also, ensure that other preventive mechanisms are also in place that can be useful to avoid attacks.

Data Integrity

Data protection is a compulsory measure for securing your systems. Make sure that all sensitive and confidential data is encrypted while transmitting and storing.

Secure Application

All the applications that access the IoT systems must be fully secured so that it will be possible for you to make sure that they are not compromising your security.

IoT systems are vulnerable to security attacks. Therefore, it is important to ensure that your system is protected well to avoid the compromising of system security. So you have to monitor your applications regularly for detecting the presence of different threats and should adopt preventive measures to protect your data and system.

Positives And Negatives Of IoT

Internet Of Things Technology
IoT Enabled Devices

Being the harbinger of the upcoming industrial revolution, the internet of things technology is gaining high popularity in this digital era. It goes without saying that any such technology has its plus and minus. Read on to know more about it.

Positives

Despite the scare of the internet of things technology, if enforced properly, this technology can prove to be ‘Holy Grail’. Discussed below are a few of the strong positives this technology has to offer.

  • Efficient & Comfortable

With the help of this technology, dreary tasks of any organization can be automated. This will result in reduced errors, and as an add-on it will save time of the personnel. In the long run, it will aid in employee retention as well as employee satisfaction. Needless to say, the profits will considerably grow.

  • Improved Decision Making

With the internet of things technology, businessmen will now be able to erase the age old assumptions from their equation. Instead, they can now focus on real-time facts and figures. As a result, processing costs could be lowered and the processing span could be lowered. Therefore, it can rightly be said that this technology facilitated better and improved decisions.

  • Generate Revenue

With improved efficiency and decision making, the expenses to the organization get abridged. This technology is unique and therefore its users get an upper hand over their common competitors. In the long run, it will assuredly prove to be a gain from the viewpoint of the entrepreneur. With the time and resources saved, businessmen can now focus on various other avenues to generate even more revenue.

Negatives

With a rapid advancement of the internet of things technology; it is sure to give a scare to its users with minimal exposure to the possibilities of this technology. Here are a few negatives associated with this technology that you might want to consider before adopting this technology.

  • Privacy & Security

Hijacking of associated apps, identity theft and hacking arecommon scenarios these days. All of these are and end result of lack of security protocols which are strong. The more advanced your technology is, the more such stories you hear about it. It is a known fact that manufacturers take time in updating their firmware. This leads to patches and the next thing you know is there has been a mishap. Ensuring privacy and security while using such advanced technology, is in the hands of its users.

  • Complexity In Data

In order to facilitate the businesses with the adequate information at the correct time this technology innumerable bytes worth of data. The one and only way to handle such large amounts of data is through proper planning.

  • IT Buy-In

Due to risks relating to privacy, security and complex nature of the data being generated, it becomes naturally tiresome to talk the shareholders into buying into this technology.

Now that you are clear on the positives and negatives of this booming technology, it is up to you, whether or not you are willing to go forward with it. And if your answer is yes then how to get started!

Role Of Iot In Transportation

Modern Transportation Technology
Modern Transportation Technology

Industries have long before realized the potential of IoT and have not kept back from investing in IoT. Technology and transportation have always collaborated to accelerate modernization, and transport sector is the second largest investor in IoT. Smart gadgets backed by IoT are making transport operations easier and more efficient by devising ways to manage traffic better and address road safety issues.

Here are some of the ways in which IoT revolutionizes the transportation sector.

Fleet Management

Provision for real time decision-making helps businesses to gain better returns and fleet management technology helps them with it. Some of the key features of fleet management technology are geo fencing, GPS tracking, customized dashboards etc.

Geo Fencing

The geo fencing service is based on location and the technique sets a virtual boundary based on geographical location called geo fence. When the monitored vehicle enters the geo fence, a pre programmed action is performed which can be something like an alert or notification.

Geo fences can be set up in secure areas to stay informed about the entry and exit of the people into and out of the area. Transport businesses like trucking companies may use geo fencing to monitor their employees while they are on duty. When a driver deviates from the prescribed path, it could lead to delays that might bring losses to the business and using geo-fencing, the driver can be alerted as soon as they deviate from the fixed route.

Managing Public Transport

Real time tracking of public transport vehicles was always a challenge and the limitations in real time tracking sometimes hindered the expansion of public transport systems. With the incorporation of IoT into transportation, real-time tracking of public transport vehicles have become quite easy. The commuters can easily get the location information and know the exact time when a vehicle will reach a particular stop.

The tracked location information is sent to a central system and then to a mobile device offering options of re-routing to the people. When people are informed about the delays before hand, they can make alternate arrangements of travel.

The real time information lets people know if the buses or trains are filled up or not and can choose a convenient time to start the journey. Incorporating IoT technology into public transport systems increases their performance encouraging more people to consider making use of their service, which directly influences the volume of traffic on the roads. As more people depend on public transport vehicles, the number of private vehicles on the roads decreases visibly contributing a fair share to environmental protection.

A city that has a public transport network that performs well has a reduced carbon footprint when compared with one that has a poor public transport network. IoT is crucial not only in road transport but is equally significant in rail transport. IoT can detect if a station has higher number of passengers and can send in trains to the station at a higher frequency to address the footfall.

Inventory Management

Smart inventory management gives the real time information of the warehouse, production and distribution centers which contributes to reducing the cost of inventory and  helps improve predictive maintenance of inventory. Smart inventory management systems make visible contribution to the reduction of errors in inventory management thereby lowering the inventory cost.

Maintenance Of Vehicle And Equipment

The major drawback of public transport systems in  underdeveloped and developing countries is the breakdown of vehicles or infrastructure that happens too often. The passengers are stranded in the middle of the journey due to the breakdown of the public transport and the disruption affects the entire transportation network and delays the journey of a large number of people.

IoT systems can effectively monitor the infrastructure and health parameters of the vehicle helping to identify potential problems earlier. The parameters include fuel levels, engine temperature, battery level, tire pressure, stress on railway tracks and many more. IoT systems regularly monitor these parameters and on spotting the anomalies, they notify the concerned personnel.

Optimization Of Transport Routes

Placing IoT sensors at railway platforms and bus stops, transportation authorities can get a clear idea about the number of people they have to pick from a particular station or stop. Using this information, they can allocate the required number of vehicles to a particular route.

Planning fast routes between two points is made easy but the real time traffic information obtained from the sensors placed at roads, street lights and signals.

IoT has already made revolutionizing changes in the transport sector and the transparent and accountable nature of IoT has made it an integral part of modern transportation technology. However, the optimum potential of the IoT is yet to be discovered.

An Overview About IoT Home Security

IoT Home Security
IoT Home Security

With the advent of high-speed internet and a highly connected web of personal smart devices, home security solutions are at the forefront of revolutionary transformation. Because of these fewer crimes related to thefts, break-ins, disasters etc are reported. These are categorised under IoT home security devices and their popularity is due to the ease of use. This primer will give you an overview of IoT home security.

What is IoT Home Security?

These are a network of smart devices that can take care of home security beyond traditional methods such as alarms and security cameras. Because they can identify and track activities such as footsteps, opening and shutting of doors, sounds etc. they can take care of activities such as living, moving etc. This is achieved by sensors that collect and process data to identify or detect changes in the physical status of inhabitants or of objects in the house. The smart devices improve the capability of this network by splitting process capabilities to different components on the network devices.

Advantages

The smartphone can be used anywhere as a receiver for all the information from the network of devices either via notifications or live video feed. Moreover, this technology makes you less reliant on cameras because there are sensors to detect footsteps, temperature, sound etc. Therefore, incidences of crime are reduced due to their interconnectivity, quick alarms along with sending notifications to you and the police. This network of devices has a modular nature; hence you can upgrade individual devices in tune with technological advances or improvements. Because you get notifications on time it helps with quick decision making.

Now, for example, if there is an elderly family member at home this IoT home security can be tailored for his/her needs. In this particular scenario, you can add a wearable smart device to the network of devices to monitor the persons’ vital signs. When there is an abnormality in the vital signs, the security system will send alerts to the emergency room as well as you. Therefore, such a system is very useful in homes of old people. Similarly,  it can be used to monitor children, activities of pets, monitor the surroundings of home when you are travelling or on a vacation.

Home IoT Security Challenges

Due to the openness of this network, there are risks of security breaches and it can be misused. There is a requirement for standardisation as well as the devices of this network such as the sensors can work only in short range. Above all, constant monitoring and updating of the software are required which can be a hassle for older people.

It is obvious by now that this is the best thing to have happened to home security devices as they can make life easier and secure. Moreover, it gives you the flexibility to monitor and manage your household remotely.

Knowing about the Incorporation of IoT into Everyday Life

IoT Solutions
IoT Solutions

Internet of Things along with connected technology is now rapidly changing the way people live. Several reports are coming to the forefront with strong predictions about connected devices, which can be helpful to exercise people’s knowledge about how connected devices were used in the past years and how it would be used in the coming years. More people are now getting enthusiastic to explore new technologies and to know how they can change their work experiences as well as personal lives in the coming years. 

The future of the next decade is expected to be greatly affected by IoT as more connected technologies are at the rage, and listed below are two of them.

Healthcare Wearables  

It is quite sure that wearable devices would have a big role to play in the lives of people in the coming years as well. Wireless earphones are in the top category for wearable devices and it seems like won’t be changing anytime soon. The adoption number of such wearablesby people all over the world is found to be promising around all categories. 

Wearables are expected to move away from just being a fashion statement and let consumers look at these devices to maintain their health and fitness. Researches and studies from GSMA reveal that about twenty-five percent of adults have fitness trackers and smartwatches. The number is expected to increase as more people depend on such devices for personalized healthcare. By then, more people can use wearable devices to monitor their health and reduce visiting their doctors and know about their health to manage the day to day management of their illness. 

Artificial Intelligence in Automation 

Artificial Intelligence is a technology that follows wearables, and it has started to change the way people work. It is believed that it would further revolutionize the workplace of more people by altering the nature of most jobs, which can help machines and humans to coexist together in several ways. 

The advancements in artificial intelligence can make more people to take up more different roles in their workplaces. It can reduce the need to have more positions that need repetitive work, and most works that could be directed to machines would be handled by them. This can often be regarded as a dramatic transition which would be different from everything we have witnessed till now and it is expected to be normal for employees as most of them wouldn’t need many positions, and employees will have more tasks that require creativity and ingenuity of humans. 

Key Tips for Imparting Security for Internet of Things

IoT Enabled Devices
IoT Enabled Devices

Technology is bringing in various advancements each day, and it has resulted in the popular assumption that around 6.4 billion Internet of Things (IoT) devices would be in use in the coming years, which is an increase by thirty percent from the year 2015. However, all these advanced technologies are also bringing in a lot of potential threats for security such as malware and hacking. 

It is for this reason, boosting the safety and security of IoT is given a lot of importance regardless of the number of devices you use it on. Here are some of the top tips that are beneficial for you to safeguard your IoT devices. 

Have a Clear Knowledge about the Connection 

The most important thing to know before making the device you use secure is knowing the elements that are vulnerable to attacks. The average home is assumed to have four to five connected devices apart from smartphones, computers, and tablets. The connected devices of your home can mostly include media players, game consoles, and any other device that has a camera or a microphone. It is important to note all these devices and confirm the information each of those devices has access to. 

Protect all Devices and Accounts in it Using Passwords 

One of the most crucial things that have to be kept in mind and made into practice is to protect all the devices that are managed using a web-based account using a strong username and password. The password should include a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, symbols, and numbers. Also, keep in mind to never use the same password for many accounts as a hacker would have wider access to those devices if it is done otherwise. 

Avoid the Use of Insecure Internet Connections 

Always keep in mind to not use Wi-Fi connections that are not protected with passwords, especially when you try to access the web on your devices like tablets or smartphones from remote places as insecure connections are one of the major threats that make your devices easy to hack. Also, make sure to set strong passwords for your Wi-Fi connections and router and also to update them regularly as it can improve the security of your network. 

Secure your Smartphone 

In the case of misplacing or losing your phone, a hacker can easily access your personal information saved on your device. Hence it is always better to make use of mobile security programs that allow you to back up all the data on your device to an online account. It also helps in tracking the location of your device when it is lost, and remotely lock and clean your phone’s memory. A PIN or password set on your device can provide you with an added layer of protection. 

Always Create a Separate Network for your Device 

Several routers are used for the setting up of multiple networks. Turning to the manual of your router can help you to create separate networks for your IoT-based devices. As you segment your network more, it would be very hard for hackers to get access to all your devices and the information saved in them. 

Install a Firewall on your Devices 

The firewalls on your devices prevent common threats like viruses, hackers, and worms from attacking your device over the web as the deny access to unauthorized traffic. Many computer systems offer a default firewall, and this is enough for most of the users. Installing a firewall on your device can act as extra protection as it offers more security functions that satisfy the needs of the users. Configuring a hardware firewall is also a good idea to get wider defense for your networks. 

Update the Security Patches Soon 

All smart devices release system updates regularly to address the flaws relating to security and issues of the users. Always make it a habit to install system updates soon after they are available to you as it can make your device stay more protected. Periodical checking on the website of the device’s manufacturer can be helpful to have an idea about the release of the next updates and other announcements related to security. Also, many devices have settings that allow automatic installation of the latest updates. 

Keep the Devices Disconnected when they are not in Use

Always turn off your devices when they are not used, especially the ones that are equipped with video cameras and microphones. Even when there are a lot of connected devices like thermostats that need constant connection with the web, there are many other devices that do not require a connection. Keep note of those devices to turn them off when they are not in use. You can prevent a hacker connecting to your audio and video streams by disconnecting the connections when you can. 

Top Most Applications of Internet of Things

Internet Of Things
Internet Of Things

Corporate companies are in the rivaling competition of introducing IoT enabled products into the market every day. By holding a huge hype, IoT based applications are largely aiding to the growth of the business sector. Here are some of the topmost applications of the Internet of Things.

Application in Smart Homes

IoT has been providing numerous applications to the world, smart homes being distinct among them all. It has been noted that more than 60,000 people seem to be searching for Smart homes, which is not a big surprise these days. The company analytics of IoT database for smart homes includes around 256 companies as well as start-up organizations. Also, the overall funding for smart home start-ups exceeds $2.5 billion.

Application in Smart City

Smart city solutions usually promise to lessen the problems of people who are living in cities by providing them with options on traffic management, waste management, environmental monitoring, water distribution, urban security and so on. They also solve problems that are been caused due to traffic congestion and help to reduce air and noise pollution, thereby making the cities safer.

Application in Smart Farming

Since smart farming does not fit into the most known categories like health, mobility, or commerce, it has been an overlooked case of business for IoT. IoT has been effectively revolutionizing the way farmers work by providing them a great help in the overall monitoring of farming. Smart farming applications are expected to become the most important in countries that are exporting agriculture products.

Application in Smart Chain Supply 

IoT has been bringing up effective solutions for smarter supply chains like the tracking of goods, gaining of suppliers, and exchanging inventory information. In recent years, smart chain supplies have been benefiting a lot with the use of IoT in it.

Applications in Smart Grids

Smart grids, which are been developed in recent years, promises to use details and information about the suppliers and consumers of electricity. These applications have helped a lot in improving the overall efficiency, and reliability of electric power.

Applications in Digital Health

The application of IoT benefits the well-being of people since connected health-care systems and software applications bear huge potential in the medical sector.

Application in Connected Cars

The application of IoT in connected cars is a technology that is coming up and the automotive industry has been widely working on the ideas of incorporating IoT based technologies and solutions in cars for the past few years. 

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet Of Things
Internet Of Things

Internet of things is a system in which computing devices are interrelated to transfer data without requiring human-to-computer or human-to human interactions. In fact, IoT provides users unique identifiers (UIDs) to transfer these data.

These smart devices capture our day-to-day used data and help us to complete various tasks. These devices are designed to interact with the users on a daily basis.

Applications of IoT

Connected Cars

This automotive technology focuses on improving the internal functions of a vehicle. Connected cars are designed to optimize its internal functions such as maintenance and passenger’s comfort using internet connection and sensors. Major auto brands nowadays are working to implement this facility on their vehicles.

Smart Cities

Smart cities are applications which generate curiosity among the public. Smart cities offer automated transportation, urban security, smart surveillance, energy management, environmental monitoring and water distribution to its citizens.

Smart cities are mainly made to solve public problems such as traffic congestion, pollution and shortage of energy supplies. Sensors are installed with the help of web applications to help citizens find available parking spots.

Healthcare

IoT applications are yet to make an impact on medical field. According to various researches, these applications are destined to play an important role in coming years. These devices collect data on health and analyses it to provide the best possible strategy to eliminate any illness.

Retail Business

IoT plays a crucial role in improving retailer’s relationship with the customers. Smartphones are used to improve purchasing experience and retailers could retain customers by constantly staying in touch with them.

Smart Home

Smart home is one of the most looked after application of IoT. If offers various functions such as switching on the AC or light before reaching home and unlocking the door to offer access to a friend. Smart home products can be operated easily and it saves energy, money and time.

Agriculture

Demand for food is increasing with the increase in population. Farmers are provided with new farming techniques to improve production. IoT provide insights to farmers on various fields and a better yield is made possible with these insights. Farmers are provided information on soil moisture, custom fertilizers and water usage.

Poultry and Farming

IoT applications play a major role in improving the health and well-being of an animal. These applications gather data on their health and analyses it to find any sickness. Thus, before an animal is fully affected by a disease, owners will be in a position to provide treatment.

Does IoT Pose Any Threats to your Business?

IoT Solutions
IoT Solutions

Internet of Things (IoT) is now being widely used by a lot of businesses for improving their efficiency and boosting their security. This is a really wonderful technology that will provide you a wide range of benefits and potential savings. Therefore, the popularity of this technology has now increased greatly.

Along with the numerous advantages that IoT brings for businesses, it can also possess some security threats too. However, most people are not aware of these threats and do not take measures to prevent them. Hence, it can compromise the security of their system, thereby making it vulnerable to threats. If you are unaware of the IoT security challenges, we list some of them for giving you better knowledge. This will give you an insight into taking the right preventive measures when you plan to incorporate IoT solutions to your business.

Biggest Threats Posed by IoT to Businesses

Following are some of the important security threats that are possessed by IoT to your business:

Access to Sensitive Data

IoT systems will be responsible for controlling and coordinating sensitive data. It can handle highly confidential information regarding a business. Security systems including cameras, doorbells, etc. can be controlled by IoT systems, hence, if cybercriminals get access to this information, it can greatly compromise the security of your business, as your data may be misused by them. It can also affect the safety of other equipment including printers, scanners, etc. Therefore, the attacker will be able to view the data that is being printed or scanned using these systems.

Botnets

Cybercriminals or hackers can bring together a large number of infected devices and systems into networks which are known as botnets. These botnets can be utilized for a wide range of malicious activities, but the commonly known use of these networks is in DDoS attacks.

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks send out a stream of requests from the infected systems to the server, network or computer that the cybercriminal intends to bring down. As there will be a huge number of network requests, the targeted system cannot handle it and crashes. Hence, it will become unavailable to real users.

Sabotage

An IoT device that is hacked will allow the hacker to access its functions. Therefore, the hacker will be able to control the system according to his own will. The attacker may cause disruptions in the security devices or other significant system of the business, thereby, causing potential damage to the business and even for the employees.