Role Of Iot In Transportation

Modern Transportation Technology
Modern Transportation Technology

Industries have long before realized the potential of IoT and have not kept back from investing in IoT. Technology and transportation have always collaborated to accelerate modernization, and transport sector is the second largest investor in IoT. Smart gadgets backed by IoT are making transport operations easier and more efficient by devising ways to manage traffic better and address road safety issues.

Here are some of the ways in which IoT revolutionizes the transportation sector.

Fleet Management

Provision for real time decision-making helps businesses to gain better returns and fleet management technology helps them with it. Some of the key features of fleet management technology are geo fencing, GPS tracking, customized dashboards etc.

Geo Fencing

The geo fencing service is based on location and the technique sets a virtual boundary based on geographical location called geo fence. When the monitored vehicle enters the geo fence, a pre programmed action is performed which can be something like an alert or notification.

Geo fences can be set up in secure areas to stay informed about the entry and exit of the people into and out of the area. Transport businesses like trucking companies may use geo fencing to monitor their employees while they are on duty. When a driver deviates from the prescribed path, it could lead to delays that might bring losses to the business and using geo-fencing, the driver can be alerted as soon as they deviate from the fixed route.

Managing Public Transport

Real time tracking of public transport vehicles was always a challenge and the limitations in real time tracking sometimes hindered the expansion of public transport systems. With the incorporation of IoT into transportation, real-time tracking of public transport vehicles have become quite easy. The commuters can easily get the location information and know the exact time when a vehicle will reach a particular stop.

The tracked location information is sent to a central system and then to a mobile device offering options of re-routing to the people. When people are informed about the delays before hand, they can make alternate arrangements of travel.

The real time information lets people know if the buses or trains are filled up or not and can choose a convenient time to start the journey. Incorporating IoT technology into public transport systems increases their performance encouraging more people to consider making use of their service, which directly influences the volume of traffic on the roads. As more people depend on public transport vehicles, the number of private vehicles on the roads decreases visibly contributing a fair share to environmental protection.

A city that has a public transport network that performs well has a reduced carbon footprint when compared with one that has a poor public transport network. IoT is crucial not only in road transport but is equally significant in rail transport. IoT can detect if a station has higher number of passengers and can send in trains to the station at a higher frequency to address the footfall.

Inventory Management

Smart inventory management gives the real time information of the warehouse, production and distribution centers which contributes to reducing the cost of inventory and  helps improve predictive maintenance of inventory. Smart inventory management systems make visible contribution to the reduction of errors in inventory management thereby lowering the inventory cost.

Maintenance Of Vehicle And Equipment

The major drawback of public transport systems in  underdeveloped and developing countries is the breakdown of vehicles or infrastructure that happens too often. The passengers are stranded in the middle of the journey due to the breakdown of the public transport and the disruption affects the entire transportation network and delays the journey of a large number of people.

IoT systems can effectively monitor the infrastructure and health parameters of the vehicle helping to identify potential problems earlier. The parameters include fuel levels, engine temperature, battery level, tire pressure, stress on railway tracks and many more. IoT systems regularly monitor these parameters and on spotting the anomalies, they notify the concerned personnel.

Optimization Of Transport Routes

Placing IoT sensors at railway platforms and bus stops, transportation authorities can get a clear idea about the number of people they have to pick from a particular station or stop. Using this information, they can allocate the required number of vehicles to a particular route.

Planning fast routes between two points is made easy but the real time traffic information obtained from the sensors placed at roads, street lights and signals.

IoT has already made revolutionizing changes in the transport sector and the transparent and accountable nature of IoT has made it an integral part of modern transportation technology. However, the optimum potential of the IoT is yet to be discovered.